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大都会会员网址:WuShulianChineseUniversityRankings2019

2019-12-17 20:21:38评论 教育
“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploym本文来源:http://www.88yhyh.com/www_niubb_net/

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“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploym“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.

The subjectsof ent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin werWu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.

Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate “ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploymEnrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeI.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators

1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop  Award, Art Works Award.

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.com

2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comII. Topthree in Chinese University ent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin werRankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversity

In 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University  has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row, ;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversity won two titles ina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.

e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in Chi

Total scoresof the top 10 na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undein Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comWuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeIII. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof China

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comIV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University,  University ofScience and Technology of China

e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in ChiInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeV. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversity

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.

ent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin werVI.  Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of China

“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploymInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comVII. Topthree in ent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin werFreshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of China

In ent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin werFreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeVIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings  2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversity

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.com

In ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.

“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploym

IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversity

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.com

The criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmployment Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comTeachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.

e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in Chi

The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comAccording tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comWu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeWuShulianChineseUniversityRankings2019

e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in Chi

SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeX. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang University

ent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin werThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.

A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comThe Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeWuShulianChineseUniversityRankings2019

ent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin wer

The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):

“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploymWuShulianChineseUniversityRankings2019
ent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin wer

ent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin werXI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin China

In 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.com

WuShulianChineseUniversityRankings2019ent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin wer

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comXII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversities

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.

Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 unde

WuShulianChineseUniversityRankings2019rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.com

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeXIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences

e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in Chi(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.

NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang University

e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in Chi

Science No. 1:Peking University

“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploymEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua University

Agronomy No.1: China Agricultural University

“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploym

Medicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 unde(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.

Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of China

e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in Chi

Philosophy No.1: Renmin University of China

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeEconomics No.1: Renmin University of China

Law No. 1:Renmin University of China

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.com

Education:Beijing Normal University

e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in ChiLiterature No.1: Peking University

History No. 1:Peking University

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.com

Management No.1: Renmin University of China

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the Arts

e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in ChiXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 underanks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comXV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.

The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.

ent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin wer

e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in ChiWuShulianChineseUniversityRankings2019

ent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin werna. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 unde申博管理登入“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploymXVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.com

Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in Chi areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 unde

ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019. 

“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploym

“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploymWuShulian  Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 unde

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comWuShulianChineseUniversityRankings2019

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.com

Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019

e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in Chi

WuShulianChineseUniversityRankings2019ent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin wer

“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploymWu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comWuShulianChineseUniversityRankings2019
“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploym     XVII. WuShulian e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in ChiPna. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 underovincialCrgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comomprehensiveent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin werStrengthna. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeR“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploymankingsof Chinese Una. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeniversities 2019

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 unde (No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 unde(I)Prgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comrovincialent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin werComprehensive“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploymSrgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comtrengthR“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploymankings ofna. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeUniversities in North China2019

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 unde

North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.com1.rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comComprehensivergraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comSent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin wertrengthRrgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comankings of“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploymUniversities inBeijingrgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.com e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in Chi2019

54 “ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploym general undergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.

“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploymWuShulianChineseUniversityRankings2019

“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploym

2.ent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin werCent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin weromprehensiveSe evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in Chitrength“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploymRankings ofe evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in ChiUe evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in Chiniversities inTianjin “ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploym2019

ent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin wer 18 general undergraduateuniversities in Tianjin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.

ent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin wer

WuShulianChineseUniversityRankings2019“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploym

e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in Chi3.na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeComprehensivergraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comSent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin wertrengthRent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin werankings of“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploymUniversities inHebeient Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin wer e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in Chi2019

33 rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.com general undergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.

rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comWuShulianChineseUniversityRankings2019

na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 unde

4.“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploymCna. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeomprehensiveS“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploymtrengthna. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeRankings ofna. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeUent Quality ranks among the top 50 universities nationwide.2. The Teachers’ Average Academic Level ranks amongthe top 50 universities nationwide. 3. The Teachers’Teaching-Research Efficiency ranks among the top 50universities nationwide.The threescores of the above-mentioned criteria are added in ascendingorder. The lower the score is, the higher the ranking is. For thesame score, the university having higher graduate employmentquality ranks front.According tothe criteria, China has 28 first-class universities in 2019,which is the same as the previous year.25 world-class constructionuniversities and 3 world-class discipline universitiesincluded.Wu Shulian2019 Chinese First-Class Universities list (28 in total)SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, which was elected as one ofChinese first-class universities last year, failed to be electedbecause of sharp drop in enrollment rate in 2017.X. Topthree among 38 research-oriented universities: Tsinghua University,Peking University and Zhejiang UniversityThe criteriaof research-oriented universities in 2019 were the same as those ofthe previous year: the scientific research scores of alluniversities in the country were listed in descending order, withthe top 5% being research-oriented universities.A total of 38universities satisfy the above condition. Among the 38research-oriented universities, 34 are world-class universities and3 are world-class disciplines. For the second year in a row,Jiangsu University, a non-double first-class university, joined thelist.Research-oriented universities are divided into research type1 and research type 2.The teachers’ average academic level of theresearch type 1 is higher than that of research-orienteduniversities, and the teachers’ academic level of the research type2 is lower than that of research-oriented universities.The Rankingand the Grade of the Key Index about the 38 Research-orientedUniversities in Wu Shulian 2019The standarddefinitions of the indicators in the above table are as follows(the following tables are the same as those in the followingtables):XI. 17non-double first-class universities enter the top 100 universitiesin ChinaIn 2019, 17non-double first-class universities entered the top 100 in terms ofcomprehensive strength.. The key indicators are shown in the tablebelow.XII. Keyindicators of 42 world-class constructionuniversitiesOn September20, 2017, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, andthe National Development and Reform Commission released a file[2017] No. 2 “Notice on the Publication of List of World-ClassUniversities and First-Class Discipline Construction Universitiesand Construction Disciplines” which announces that the goal of 42universities is becoming world-class universities.Key indicatorsof world-class construction universities are shown in the followingtable (excluding National University of DefenseTechnology)XIII.Zhejiang University ranked first in the total score of naturalsciences, and Renmin University of China ranked first in the totalscore of social sciences(1) ZhejiangUniversity ranked first, Tsinghua University ranked second, andShanghai JiaoTong University ranked third in the rankings of fournatural sciences including science, engineering, agronomy andmedicine.NaturalScience No. 1: Zhejiang UniversityScience No. 1:Peking UniversityEngineeringNo. 1: Tsinghua UniversityAgronomy No.1: China Agricultural UniversityMedicine No.1: Shanghai JiaoTong University(2) RenminUniversity of China ranked first, Peking University ranked second,and Wuhan University ranked third in the rankings of eight socialsciences including philosophy, economics, law, education,literature, history, management and art.Social ScienceNo. 1: Renmin University of ChinaPhilosophy No.1: Renmin University of ChinaEconomics No.1: Renmin University of ChinaLaw No. 1:Renmin University of ChinaEducation:Beijing Normal UniversityLiterature No.1: Peking UniversityHistory No. 1:Peking UniversityManagement No.1: Renmin University of ChinaArt No. 1:Nanjing University of the ArtsXIV. Thetop three universities are Peking University, Tsinghua University,Renmin University of China, which gain great popularity amongundergraduate candidates when they choose majors.ChooseUniversity & Major - Guidelines for GAOKAO in2019ranks 560 undergraduatemajors in Chinese universities. Peking University, TsinghuaUniversity, as in the past, have enjoyed absolute superiority. Thenumbers of the most porpular majors in the top 10 universities(with 5 majors or more) are as follows: Peking University 35,Tsinghua University 32, Renmin University of China 20, ZhejiangUniversity 19, Beijing Normal University 17, CommunicationUniversity of China 13, Shanghai International Studies University12, China Academy of Art 10, China Pharmaceutical University 9,Nanjing University 8, and Wuhan University 8.XV. In2019, the number of universities that entering the top 100 Chinesecomprehensive strength University in all provinces, cities,autonomous regions.The number ofuniversities that entering the top 100 Chinese comprehensivestrength University in all provinces, cities, autonomous regionsare shown in the following table. The ranking is ranked by thenumber of universities entering the top 100, with the same numberin ascending order of the average ranking.XVI. ComprehensiveStrength Rankings of Chinese Universities 2019Comprehensive StrengthRankings of Chinese Universities 2019 areshown in the following table. Suzhou University ranked 24,the bestplace for the non-world-class construction universities. JiangsuUniversity ranked 41, the best ranking fornon-world-class discipline construction universities.ShenzhenUniversity, founded in 1983, entered the top 100 Chineseuniversities with its comprehensive strength in 2019 after 35 yearsof puzzling efforts.. The comprehensive strength rankings ofShenzhen University in the last five years were: No. 125 in 2015,No. 121 in 2016, No. 115 in 2017, and No. 106 in 2018, and No. 97in 2019.WuShulian Top 100 Comprehensive Strength Rankingsof Chinese Universities 2019Wu ShulianTop 101-200 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese universities2019Wu ShulianTop 201-300 Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Chinese Universities2019 XVII. WuShulian ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankingsof Chinese Universities2019(No ranking behind No. 600, ranking in no particularorder)(I)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in North China2019North China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, and InnerMongolia Autonomous Region, in a total of five provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inBeijing201954 generalundergraduateuniversities in Beijing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Beijing was 2.0259, ranking firstin China. The teachers’ performance was 2.1241, ranking first inChina. 17099 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking first inChina. 111403 undergraduates graduated, ranking 11 in China. 70402postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking first in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inTianjin201918 generalundergraduateuniversities in Tianjin werniversities inShanxi e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in Chi2019

e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in Chi 21 general undergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.

“ChineseUniversity Evaluation 2019” project, chaired by Wu Shulian, theleader of the “Chinese University Evaluation Research Group” ofChina Academy of Management Science, has been completed in March2019 and its achievement entitled “Choose University & Major –Guidelines for GAOKAO in 2019 ” was published by China StatisticsPress. This series of books have been published by China StatisticsPress for 17 years in a row, which are widely acclaimed byuniversity candidates and have extensive socialinfluence.The subjectsof Wu Shulian’s Chinese University Rankings 2019 are 758state-funded general undergraduate universities.Evaluationindicators applied in “Chinese University Evaluation 2019” include‘The Overall Rankings of Chinese Universities’, ‘ Natural ScienceRankings’, ‘Social Science Rankings’ ‘Rankings by subject: science,engineering, agronomy, medicine, philosophy, economics, law,education, literature, history, management and art’, rankings of560 undergraduate majors. In addition, ‘Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings’, ‘Graduate Employment QualityRankings’, ‘Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings’,‘Freshmen Quality Rankings, ‘Teachers’ Average Academic LevelRankings’, and ‘Teachers’ Performance Rankings are also taken intoconsideration.I.Modification to “Chinese University Evaluation 2019”indicators1.Undergraduate cultivation: ‘Art performance Awards Granted by theMinistry of Education ‘has been added as an indicator, whichincludes University Arts Education Research Paper Award, ArtsPerformance Award, Outstanding Program Creation Award, Art PracticeWorkshop Award, Art Works Award.2. Socialscience research: academic works and other-citations have beenadded. The academic works originate from “Chinese Academic BookCitation Indexes” of Nanjing University, and the citationsoriginate from SCD citation database.II. Topthree in Chinese University Rankings2019: Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, and PekingUniversityIn 1993,Peking University ranked the first place, according to Wu Shulian’sfirst Chinese University Ranking that regarded comprehensivestrength of the universities as the main indicator. From 1997 to2010, Tsinghua University has held on to thenumber one spot for fourteen years in a row,;from 2011 to 2013, ZhejiangUniversitywontwotitlesina row; in 2014 and 2015, Peking University won the first place,while it was Tsinghua University from 2016 to 2019.Total scoresof the top 10 in Chinese University Rankings2019 are as follows: 1.Tsinghua University, 145.69; 2.Zhejiang University, 140.67; 3. Peking University, 140.37; 4.Shanghai JiaoTong University, 114.27; 5. Wuhan University, 96.96;6. Nanjing University, 95.69; 7. Fudan University, 94.64; 8.Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 92.07; 9. SichuanUniversity, 85.70; 10. Jilin University, 85.58.WuhanUniversity has risen to the fifth place in Chinese UniversityRankings 2019, which is its best performance since 1993. Thefive-year ranking of Wuhan University is:7 in 2015,7 in 2016,7 in2017,7 in 2018, and 5 in 2019III. Topthree in Graduate Employment Quality Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University of Science and Technologyof ChinaIn GraduateEmployment Quality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University toppedthe list with 3.3999 points; Peking University ranked second with3.2835 points, while University of Science and Technology of Chinaranked third with 3.1313 points. Universities from the 4th to the10th are: No 4 Beihang University, No 5 Shanghai Tech University,No 6 Nanjing University, No 7 Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 8Fudan University, No 9 University of Electronic Science andTechnology, No 10 Beijing University of Posts andTelecommunications.IV. Topthree in Undergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019: TsinghuaUniversity, Peking University, University ofScience and Technology of ChinaInUndergraduate Enrollment Rate Rankings 2019, TsinghuaUniversity topped the list with 81.90%, Peking University rankedsecond with 75.16%, while University of Science and Technology ofChina ranked third with 73.87%. The universities ranked from 4 to10 were: No. 4 Beihang University, No. 5 Shanghai Tech University,No. 6 Fudan University, No. 7 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 8Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 9 RenminUniversity of China, and No. 10 University of Electronic Scienceand Technology of China.V. Topthree in Teachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019: Universityof Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityInTeachers’ Average Academic Level Rankings 2019, Universityof Science and Technology of China ranked first with 4.2278 points,Nanjing University second with 3.7087, Peking University third with3.4719. The universities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 RenminUniversity of China, No. 5 Nankai University, No. 6 ShanghaiJiaoTong University, No. 7 Zhejiang University, No. 8 FudanUniversity, No. 9 Tsinghua University, and No. 10 BeijingUniversity of Chemical Technology.VI. Topthree in Teachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019:University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University,and Renmin University of ChinaInTeachers’ Teaching-Research Efficiency Rankings 2019,University of Science and Technology of China ranked first with4.2709 points, Nanjing University second with 3.8192, RenminUniversity of China third with 3.7184. The universities ranking 4to 10 were: No. 4 Beijing Normal University, No. 5 CentralConservatory of Music, No. 6 Peking University, No. 7 NankaiUniversity, No. 8 Shanghai JiaoTong University, No. 9 SouthernUniversity of Science and Technology, and No. 10 China AgriculturalUniversity.VII. Topthree in Freshmen QualityRankings 2019: Tsinghua University, Peking University, andUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaIn FreshmenQuality Rankings 2019, Tsinghua University ranked first with1.3507, Peking University second with 1.3501, University of Scienceand Technology of China third with 1.3281. The universities ranked4 to 10 were: No. 4 Fudan University, No. 5 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 6 Nanjing University, No. 7 Zhejiang University,No. 8 Renmin University of China, No. 9 Shanghai University ofFinance and Economics, and No. 10 Tongji University.VIII. Topthree in Chinese UniversitySelection Priority Rankings 2019: University ofScience and Technology of China, Nanjing University, and PekingUniversityIn ChineseUniversity Selection Priority Rankings 2019, University ofScience and Technology of China ranked first with 1.67, NanjingUniversity second with 3.33, Peking University third with 3.67. Theuniversities ranked 4 to 10 were: No. 4 Shanghai JiaoTongUniversity, No. 5 Renmin University of China, No. 6 TsinghuaUniversity, No. 7 Fudan University, No. 8 Zhejiang University, No.9 Nankai University, and No. 10 Beihang University.IX. Topthree among 28 Chinese first-class universities: University ofScience and Technology, Peking University, and NanjingUniversityThe criteriaof Chinese first-class universities in 2019: In theevaluation of Chinese universities, the universities should satisfythe following three conditions simultaneously. 1. The GraduateEmploym


rgraduates graduated, ranking 27 in China. 6518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 25 inChina.All the data in this paper originated from Choose University &Major – Guidelines for GAOKAOin2019writtenby Wu Shulian and published by China Statistics Press.Note: Chinese Universities’Reference TypeThe university type is a high summary of university attributes,reflecting the basic characteristics of university. This reportcovers 2 aspects of university types: the proportion of thesubjectsin the universities and the scale of thescientific researchandacademic level.Universitiescan be classified into different ”categories”and”types”.The“category”reflects the composition of the university, according to thedivision of the subject and the proportion of the university in theMinistry of Education.Theexistingcategories usually includecomprehensivestudies, professionally oriented liberal arts, liberal arts,science, humanities, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics,law, literature, Physical Culture, art.The type reflects the scientific research scale and the academiclevel of the university. Theexisting typesarefour: research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. The type of each university is composed ofthe above-mentioned categoryandthe type. For example, according to the proportion of each subjectoffered, Peking University is a considered to be a “comprehensive”university.Another example: According to its proportion of variousdisciplines, Harbin Institute of Technology is categorized as anengineering university. According to its scale of scientificresearch and academic level, Harbin Institute of Technology belongsto the research type 2 categoryandits universitytypeis engineering research.1. Classification of university types according to scientificresearch scale and academic levelTable 1 shows the classification standards of Chinese universitiesaccording to the scale of research and the level of teachers. Thetypes are divided into research type, research-teachingtype, teaching-researchtype and teaching type. .Table 1 Chinese university classification criteria (by scientificresearch scale and academic level)According to the above university classification standards, thereare 38 research universities in 2018, 114 research teachinguniversities, 227 teaching research universities, and 379 teachinguniversities.2. University type according to the proportion ofsubjectsTable 2 shows the university classification criteria determined bythe proportion of subjects.In the subjectclassificationdetermined by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,there are 13 subjects:philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, military, management,and art. This book does not evaluate military science. Thefour subjectsofscience, engineering, agronomy and medicine are collectivelyreferred to as science in the college entrance examination. Theeight subjectsofphilosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history,management, and art are collectively referred to as liberal arts inthe college entrance examination. Science and liberal arts are thecustomary terms in the college entrance examination.Table 2 Classification criteria of Chinese universities (accordingto the proportion of subjects,the 7th revision in February 2019)According to the proportion of subjects, the professionaluniversities in Table 1-2canbe divided into science, engineering, agronomy, medicine,philosophy, law, education, literature, history,economicsandmanagement.Thereare 12 categories of art classes; China usually leaves PhysicalCulture in the education category, while the economic andmanagement categories are relatively similar and are merged intothe management category. In the actual classification, theprofessional universities consist of 13 categories.According to the above university classification standards, thereare 201 comprehensive universities in 2019, 176 liberal artsuniversities, 52 liberal arts universities, 26 scienceuniversities, 44 liberal arts universities, and 259 professionaluniversities. Among the 259 professional universities, there are 84engineering schools, 1 agronomy school, 71 medical schools, 42economics and management schools, 7 law schools, 10 literatureschools, 14 Physical Culture schools, and 30 artschools.The distinction between the university classification criteriaabove for each type of university can be summarized asfollows:Research type: universitieswiththe highest academic level, the mostsignificantscientificresearch results, and many graduate students.Research teaching type: Academic level and scientific researchresults are second only to universities with research universities,graduate students and undergraduate students.Teaching research type: teaching-oriented, research-assisted,undergraduate teaching, supplemented by postgraduateteaching.Teaching type: a university with undergraduate teaching.Comprehensive: Balanced development of arts and sciences, liberalarts and science,withatleast two relatively strong subject categories.Science& literature:the liberal arts and sciences are balanced, the science is strongerthan the liberal arts, and the science or liberal arts are lessthan two subjects.Arts and sciences: The development between liberal arts and sciences is balanced, liberal arts are strongerthan science, and the number of subjects in the filed of liberal arts or scienceislarger than 2.Natural science: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. At leasttwo of the four subjects of science are strong.Liberal arts: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and at least two of the eight subjects of the liberal artsare stronger.Sciences:Scienceis obviously stronger than liberal arts. Among the four subjects ofscience, science is obviously stronger than othersubjects.Engineering: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, engineering is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Agronomy: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, agronomy is obviously strongerthananyothersubjects.Medicine: Science is obviously stronger than liberal arts. Amongthe four subjects of science, medicine is obviously stronger thanother subjects.Economics and Management: The liberal arts are obviously strongerthan the science. In the eight subjects of liberal arts, economicsor management is obviously stronger than other subjects.Law: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than the science.Among the eight subjects of liberal arts, law is obviously strongerthan other subjects.Literature: The liberal arts are obviously stronger than thescience, and among the eight subjects of the liberal arts,literature is clearly stronger than other subjects.Physical Culture: Physical Culture majors are significantlystronger than other majors.Art: Art majors are significantly stronger than otherprofessions.Author website: www.yaxue.netAuthor mailbox: wushulian@vip.sina.comWuShulianChineseUniversityRankings2019

e evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangxi was 0.4378, ranking 21 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5680, ranking 23 in China.300 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 24 in China. 87668undergraduates graduated, ranking 15 in China. 10656 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 21 in China.7.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShandong201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shandong were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shandong was 0.6817, ranking 18in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.7297, ranking 18 inChina. 2490 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 13 inChina. 208808 undergraduates graduated, ranking 1 in China. 26280postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 9 in China.(IV)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Mid-SouthChina2019Mid-South China includes Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi,and Hainan, in a total of 6 provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHenan201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Henan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Henan was 0.4589, ranking 20 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5524, ranking 24 in China.448 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 22 in China.181229 undergraduates graduated, ranking 2 in Chi

5.Comprehensive Strength na. 13219postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 19 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHubei201934 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hubei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hubei was 1.1635, ranking 6 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.1634, ranking 6 in China.6326 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 4 in China.148486 undergraduates graduated, ranking 6 in China. 37100postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 4 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankingsofUniversities inHunan201930 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hunan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hunan was 0.9081, ranking 10 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.9374, ranking 10 in China.3285 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 9 in China.127864 undergraduates graduated, ranking 9 in China. 22017postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 10 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangdong201936 generalundergraduate universities in Guangdongwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Guangdong was 0.9889, ranking 8 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 0.9542, ranking 9 in China. 4290 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 6 in China. 166236undergraduates graduated, ranking 4 in China. 29226 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 8 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGuangxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Guangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Guangxi was 0.3875, ranking 24 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5021, ranking 28 in China.270 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 26 in China. 67359undergraduates graduated, ranking 22 in China. 9988 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 24 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHainan20194 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hainan were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hainan was 0.3878, ranking 26 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.6131, ranking 19 in China.57 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 28 in China. 17387undergraduates graduated, ranking 28 in China. 1590 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 29 in China.(V)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in SouthwestChina2019Southwest China includes Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, andTibet, in a total of five provincial administrativeregions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inChongqing201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Chongqing were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Chongqing was 0.9644, ranking 9in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9872, ranking 8 in China.1610 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 15 in China.85656 undergraduates graduated, ranking 16 in China. 17384postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 14 in China.2.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Sichuan201933 generalundergraduate universities in Sichuan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Sichuan was 0.7667,ranking 15 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8217, ranking16 in China. 3905 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 8 inChina. 148857 undergraduates graduated, ranking 5 in China. 29474postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 7 in China.3.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Guizhou201918 generalundergraduate universities in Guizhou were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Guizhou was 0.3020,ranking 28 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4792, ranking30 in China. 121 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 27 inChina. 53544 undergraduates graduated, ranking 26 in China. 5703postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 27 inChina.4.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Yunnan201920 generalundergraduate universities in Yunnan were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Yunnan was 0.4035,ranking 23 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5377, ranking26 in China. 643 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 21 inChina. 70161 undergraduates graduated, ranking 21 in China. 11468postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 20 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Tibet20193 generalundergraduate universities in Tibet were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Tibet was 0.2949,ranking 29 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5830, ranking22 in China. 7 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 31 inChina. 4309 undergraduates graduated, ranking 31 in China. 561postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 31 in China.(VI)Provincial Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities inNorthwest China 2019NorthwestChina includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui AutonomousRegion, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, in a total of fiveprovincial administrative regions.1.Comprehensive Strength Rankings of Universities in Shanxi201934 generalundergraduate universities in Shaanxi were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Shaanxi was 0.9926,ranking 7 in China. The teachers’ performance was 1.0643, ranking 7in China. 5012 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 5 inChina. 132733 undergraduates graduated, ranking 8 in China. 32376postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 5 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inGansu201916 generalundergraduateuniversities in Gansu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Gansu was 0.7528, ranking 16 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.7746, ranking 17 in China.948 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 18 in China. 60772undergraduates graduated, ranking 24 in China. 10232 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 22 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inQinghai20193 generalundergraduateuniversities in Qinghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Qinghai was 0.2141, ranking 31 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.4999, ranking 29 in China.18 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 30 in China. 7645undergraduates graduated, ranking 30 in China. 1189 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 30 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in Ningxia HuiAutonomous Region201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Ningxia were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Ningxia was 0.3528, ranking 27 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5381, ranking 25 in China.33 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 29 in China. 11510undergraduates graduated, ranking 29 in China. 1608 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 28 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in XinjiangUygur Autonomous Region201912 generalundergraduateuniversities in Xinjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Xinjiang was 0.4727, ranking 19in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.5987, ranking 20 inChina. 280 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 25 inChina. 34258 undeRe evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Tianjin was 1.3958, ranking 5 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.3323, ranking 4 in China.2455 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 14 in China.63142 undergraduates graduated, ranking 23 in China. 17230postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 15 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHebei201933 generalundergraduateuniversities in Hebei were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Hebei was 0.3855, ranking 25 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5364, ranking 27 in China.746 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 13 in China. 14054 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 17 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanxi201921 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Shanxi was 0.4342, ranking 22 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.5928, ranking 21 in China.720 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 20 in China. 83160undergraduates graduated, ranking 18 in China. 10136 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 23 in China.5.Comprehensive Strength Rankings ofUniversities in InnerMongolia201913 generalundergraduateuniversities in Inner Mongolia were evaluated in 2019. Theteachers’ academic level of universities in Inner Mongolia was0.2620, ranking 30 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.4169,ranking 31 in China. 347 doctoral students graduated in 2018,ranking 23 in China. 55935 undergraduates graduated, ranking 25 inChina. 6436 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 26 inChina.(II)ProvincialComprehensive StrengthRankings of Universities in NortheastChina2019Northeast China includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, in atotal of three provincial administrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inLiaoning201939 generalundergraduateuniversities in Liaoning were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Liaoning was 0.7265, ranking 17in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.8711, ranking 14 inChina. 3911 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 7 inChina. 136380 undergraduates graduated, ranking 7 in China. 31518postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 6 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJilin201924 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jilin were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jilin was 0.7868, ranking 14 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8495, ranking 15 in China.2831 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 12 in China.84147 undergraduates graduated, ranking 17 in China. 19134postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 13 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inHeilongjiang201926 generalundergraduateuniversities in Heilongjiang were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Heilongjiang was 0.8818, ranking12 in China. The teachers’ performance was 0.9141, ranking 12 inChina. 3238 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 10 inChina. 107325 undergraduates graduated, ranking 12 in China. 19725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 12 in China.(III)ProvincialComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities in EastChina2019East China includes Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian,Jiangxi, and Shandong, in a total of seven provincialadministrative regions.1.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inShanghai201929 generalundergraduateuniversities in Shanghai were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level in Shanghai was 1.9373, ranking 2 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.8871, ranking 2 in China. 8201 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 2 in China. 80825undergraduates graduated, ranking 20 in China. 42284 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 3 in China.2.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangsu201943 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangsu were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Jiangsu was 1.6664, ranking 3 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 1.5010, ranking 3 in China.7595 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 3 in China.173983 undergraduates graduated, ranking 3 in China. 49725postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 2 in China.3.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inZhejiang201928 generalundergraduate universities in Zhejiangwere evaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level ofuniversities in Zhejiang was 1.4578, ranking 4 in China. Theteachers’ performance was 1.2706, ranking 5 in China. 3126 doctoralstudents graduated in 2018, ranking 11 in China. 92389undergraduates graduated, ranking 14 in China. 19856 postgraduatesgraduated in 2017, ranking 11 in China.4.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inAnhui201929 generalundergraduate universities in Anhui wereevaluated in 2019. The teachers’ academic level of universities inAnhui was 0.9009, ranking 11 in China. The teachers’ performancewas 0.9334, ranking 11 in China. 1496 doctoral students graduatedin 2018, ranking 17 in China. 123877 undergraduates graduated,ranking 10 in China. 16594 postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking16 in China.5.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inFujian201919 generalundergraduateuniversities in Fujian were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of universities in Fujian was 0.8707, ranking 13 inChina. The teachers’ performance was 0.8790, ranking 13 in China.1556 doctoral students graduated in 2018, ranking 16 in China.82971 undergraduates graduated, ranking 19 in China. 13541postgraduates graduated in 2017, ranking 18 in China.6.ComprehensiveStrengthRankings ofUniversities inJiangxi201922 generalundergraduateuniversities in Jiangxi were evaluated in 2019. The teachers’academic level of univ